Annual Report 2014 | Suomeksi |

Energy

EN3 Energy consumption within the organisation

Fuel consumption

Fortum’s fuel consumption in own energy production was 117 terawatt-hours (TWh), or 422  (2013: 419) petajoules (PJ). The most significant fuel was natural gas, which accounted for 65% (2013: 63%) of the total fuel consumption. The shares of uranium and coal were 19% (2013: 20%) and 11% (2013: 13%) correspondingly.

 

Fuel consumption in 2012‑2014
petajoules 2014 2013 20121)
Natural gas 276.1 264.5 273.8
Nuclear fuel 81.6 83.3 89.0
Coal 46.8 53.0 51.0
Waste‑derived fuel, fossil 0.8 1.0 3.3
Peat 1.6 2.2 2.7
Other fossil 0.6 1.0 2.1
Non‑renewable fuels total 407.5 405.0 421.9
Biomass and bio liquids 12.5 12.3 21.9
Waste‑derived fuel, renewable 1.5 1.2 4.9
Renewable fuels total 14.0 13.5 26.8
1) Includes joint venture AB Fortum Värme samägt med Stockholms Stad

Biomass and bio liquids accounted for 3.0% (2013: 3.1%) and waste-derived fuels 0.5% (2013: 0.5%) of our total fuel consumption.

In Sweden, joint venture Fortum Värme used a total of 6.2 TWh, or 22 (2013: 26) PJ of fuels. Biomass and bio liquids accounted for 31% (2013: 44%) and waste-derived fuels 42% (2013: 29%) of total fuel consumption.

Fuel consumption has been calculated based on the volumes and fuel-specific heat values measured at the power plants. Uranium consumption has been calculated as the thermal heat generation in the reactors.

Consumption of electricity and heat

Our external electricity procurement for power plants and heat boilers was 401 (2013: 406) GWh. In addition, 795 (2013: 813) GWh was purchased to offset losses in electricity transmission and distribution in Sweden.

In 2014, we did not buy heat or steam for own use from external suppliers.

Joint venture Fortum Värme’s external electricity purchases totalled 839 (2013: 934) GWh.

Reported electricity consumption is based on measurements at our sites.

Electricity generation and heat production

Corresponding to the fuel consumption and electricity production discussed above, we produced about 34,900 (2013: 31,100) GWh of electricity, 33,700 (2013: 31,900) GWh of heat and steam and 16 (2013: 12) GWh of cooling for sale at our own power plants and heat-only boilers.

In addition, we generated about 22,300 (2013: 18,000) GWh of hydro, solar and wind power, including our power shares in the shared companies.

Joint venture Fortum Värme produced 1,048 (2013: 1,207) GWh of electricity, 7,074 (2013: 8,164) GWh of district heat, 460 (2013: 455) GWh of cooling and 96 (2013: 106) GWh of town gas. In addition, Fortum Värme produced 263 GWh of wind power with leased wind turbines.

Our total power generation and heat production by energy source are shown in the following tables. The tables have been consolidated in accordance with the boundaries applied in financial reporting. The figures for power generation include also power shares in the hydro, wind and nuclear power plants of shared companies.

64% of our total power generation was carbon-free and 32% was produced from renewable energy sources. 6% of our total heat production was produced from renewable, carbon-free energy sources.

Fortum's power production by energy source in 2012–2014
TWh 2014 2013 20121)
Hydro power 22.3 18.0 25.2
Nuclear power 23.8 23.7 23.4
Natural gas 22.5 20.0 19.4
Coal 3.6 4.0 3.3
Biomass 0.9 1.1 1.3
Peat 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other 0.2 0.5 0.3
Total 73.4 67.4 73.1
1) Includes joint venture AB Fortum Värme samägt med Stockholms stad
Fortum's heat production by energy source in 2012‑2014
TWh 2014 2013 20121)
Natural gas 26.7 26.1 27.0
Coal 5.1 4.6 5.3
Biomass and bioliquids 2.0 2.8 4.9
Heat pumps, electricity 0.1 0.3 3.4
Waste‑derived fuel 0.3 0.4 1.9
Oil 0.1 0.1 0.4
Peat 0.3 0.3 0.4
Total 34.6 34.6 43.3
1) Includes joint venture AB Fortum Värme samägt med Stockholms Stad

Energy production capacity

Our power generation and heat production capacities on 31 December 2014 are shown in the following tables. The figures comply with the boundaries used in financial reporting and they include power shares from hydro, wind and nuclear power plants of shared companies.

Total energy consumption within Fortum

Our total energy consumption, calculated as the difference between the procured energy resources (fuels and electricity) and net production, was 167 (2013: 195) PJ.

 

Power generation capacity by country and energy source
MW Finland Sweden Russia Poland Baltic countries India Total
Hydropower 1,526 3,088 4,615
Nuclear power 1,460 1,820 3,279
Wind and solar power 30 15 45
Natural gas 284 4,501 5 17 4,807
Coal 1,212 257 228 1,697
Biomass and bioliquids 55 24 68 147
Other fuels 14 12 8 34
Total 4,551 4,950 4,758 257 93 15 14,624
Heat production capacity by country and energy source
MW Finland Russia Poland Baltic countries Total
Natural gas 1,432 12,575 57 333 14,397
Coal 265 891 1,089 2,245
Biomass and bioliquids 195 43 381 619
Peat 32 79 111
Other fuels 12 18 30
Total 1,936 13,466 1,189 811 17,402

EN5 Energy intensity

In combustion-based energy production, we aim to utilise the fuel as efficiently as possible. Until 2014, we measured our energy efficiency with the overall efficiency of fuel use. This is calculated by dividing the energy (electricity and heat) produced with fuels by the heat energy of the fuels used. Our target was to achieve the efficiency of 70%, calculated as a five-year average. In 2014, the fuel use efficiency was 64% and the five-year average 63% (2013: 64%).

The energy intensity of our own production was 1.37 (2013: 1.46). The intensity figure has been calculated by dividing the sum of fuel consumption and external electricity procurement by the total energy production, including hydro power and solar power.

EN6 Reduction of energy consumption

We apply the principle of continuous improvement in developing the energy efficiency of the existing power plant

fleet. Out target is to achieve over 1,400 GWh of annual energy savings by the year 2020 as compared to 2012. This energy savings is equal to the annual heat energy need of more than 75,000 homes (18,500 kWh per home) or more than the annual production of over 200 wind turbines of 2.5 MW. During 2013 and 2014, we have already achieved 681 GWh or 49% of this target. The actions implemented in 2014 produced a total savings of 592 GWh (2 131 TJ).

The most important measures have been

  • The integration of the district heat networks of the Chelyabinsk CHP-1 and CHP-2 power plants in 2014. This investment enables optimal operation of the power plants and maximal production of the new energy-efficient gas turbine units at CHP-1. The annual energy savings is an estimated 469 GWh.
  • The hydropower plant refurbishments produce 61 GWh of new hydropower annually; the improvements implemented in 2014 account for 20 GWh.
  • Heat recovery from sealing steam and other waste heat streams was implemented at Joensuu power plant, giving an annual fuel savings of 17.5 GWh. 

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